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Willys Quad

1/4 Ton 4x4 Reconnaissance Car



Country of Origin/Used by: USA
First Produced/Service Dates: 1940
Manufactured by: Willys-Overland Motors
Crew: 3
Armament: None.  Theoretically, it could carry (1) .30 cal Machine Gun or (1) .50 cal HMG. 
Engine: 4-Cylinder Gasoline (60hp "Go-Devil")
Miscellaneous Info:

As a completely private venture, Willys entered the US Government’s competition to find a standardized 1/4 ton 4x4 military utility vehicle by entering their Quad Reconnaissance Car. Two (2) prototype vehicles were built for test trials, one of which consisted of four-wheel steering. Although performing well during the feasibility testing, it was evident to Willys that improvements/changes would need to be made to the Quad if they hoped to secure the contract against the other prototype vehicles: the Bantam Mark 2 and Ford Pygmy recon cars.  Changes were quickly made to one of the Quad vehicles including an uprated/improved engine and most importantly, lightening the entire vehicle.  The rebuilt vehicle can be easily identified by its two-pane windscreen, which is similar to the Pygmy.  The rebuilt vehicle reportedly provided better performance, but the Quad design was at the end of the line. In fact, even before testing was completed, Willys had already started work on what would become its successor, the Willys MA Utility Vehicle

Data Sheet Available:   None


Reference Source/Provider
Willys Quad 1/4 Ton 4x4 Recon Car Photos Dave Haugh - Content Editor
  Willys Quad 1/4 Ton 4x4 Recon Car Photo (With 4-Wheel Steering) Dave Haugh

References Available


Reference Source/Provider
Willys Quad 1/4 Ton 4x4 Recon Car Information and Photos CJ3B.Info
Willys Quad 1/4 Ton 4x4 Recon Car Information and Photos Olive-Drab.com


Reference Author
All-American Wonder: The Military 1/4 Ton 4x4 Truck -Volumes 1-3 (Victory WW2 Publishing) Ray Cowdery (Vol. 1 & 2) & Fred Crismon (Vol. 3)
Essential Military Jeep (Bay View Books) Graham Scott
Jeep Genesis: The Rifkind Report  (ISO-Publications) Herbert Rifkind
Jeep Goes to War: A Pictorial Chronicle (Courage Books) William Fowler
Jeep: Warhorse, Workhorse & Boulevard Cruiser (Motorbooks International) David Featherston

Jeeps: 1941-45 (Osprey Publishing- New Vanguard #117)

Steve Zaloga
Military Jeep: 1940 Onwards (Ford, Willys & Hotchkiss) (Haynes Publishing - Enthusiasts' Manual) Pat Ware
Military Jeeps: 1941-1945 (Brooklands Book Distribution, Ltd.) T. Richards
Pre-Standardized Jeep Walkaround (5711) (Squadron-Signal Publications)

Review by Patrick Keenan at the Armor Modeling and Preservation Society (AMPS) Website
David Doyle
Rare WW2 Jeep Photo Archives: 1940-1945 (Jeep Promotions, Ltd.) Mark Askew
U.S. Military Wheeled Vehicles (Crestline Books) Fred W. Crismon
Warbaby: The True Story of the Original (Bantam) Jeep (Points North Press) William Spear
"Willys Quad and MA: From a Private Venture to the Ubiquitous Jeep" (Wheels & Tracks #31)  
World War II Jeep In Action (First Edition) (Squadron Signal Publications) David Doyle
World War II Jeep In Action (Second Edition) (Squadron Signal Publications)

Review on WarWheels by Andrew Renshaw
David Doyle

Hobby Modeling

Kits and Accessories

Model Kit Manufacturer Scale Other Information
Aftermarket Item Manufacturer Scale Other Information

Model Photos

Reference Source/Provider