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M38A1 Jeep 1/4 Ton 4x4

Utility Truck


Country of Origin/Used by: USA (but used by many other countries and irregular forces)
First Produced/Service Dates: 1952
Manufactured by: Willys Overland Company (later Willys Motor Inc.), Ford Motor Co. and Nederlandse Kaiser-Frazer (NEKAF)
Crew: 1-3
Armament: Varied by Mission: (1) .30 cal/7.62mm LMG, or (1) .50 cal/12.7mm HMG.  Also, there was a 106mm Recoilless Rifle Armed Mutt = M38A1C Jeep
Engine: 4 Cylinder Gasoline
Miscellaneous Info: Although the M38 (AKA Willys MD) looks very similar to the famed World War 2 Jeep it was an entirely new vehicle.  Used by the US Military from 1952 through the early 1970's and replaced by the M151 Mutt series. 

There was also a civilian version of the M38A1 based called the CJ-5 which was sometimes provided to military forces friendly to the US via the Military Assistance Program.  In IDF service, the CJ-5 was designated the M38 Jeep (not to be confused with the US M38 Jeep which was the predecessor of the M38A1).
Data Sheet Available: M38A1 Jeep Datasheet by David Haugh


Reference Source/Provider
M38A1 Jeep Vehicle Photos David Haugh - Content Editor
M38A1 Jeep Shipping/Packing Crate Photos David Haugh
M38A1 Jeep Photos (Photos from the WWII Victory Museum - Auburn, Indiana USA) Patrick Keenan - Editor
  M38A1 Jeep Photos Jeroen Visschers - Netherlands
Canadian M38A1 CDN3 Jeep with 106mm Recoilless Rifle Photos Christophe Jacquemont - Washington, D.C. USA
Jeep and Sufa Variants of the Israel Defense Forces Erik Hendriks - Sittard, Holland

References Available


Reference Source/Provider
M38A1 Jeep Photos & Information The M38A1 Restoration Site
M38A1 Jeep Photos & Information Willys Jeep M38A1 Rebuild Website


Reference Author
  "American Icon" (July 2017 Issue of Classic Military Vehicle Magazine) John Carroll
Armored Car- A History of American Wheeled Combat Vehicles R.J. Hunnicutt

"A Well-Rounded Jeep" (October Issue of Classic Military Vehicle Magazine)

Louise Lamb
"Dutch Courage" (NEKAF Built M-38A1 Jeeps) (March 2015 Issue of Classic Military Vehicles Magazine) Ian Cushway
Jeep in Detail: Part 2 (R11) (Wings & Wheels Publications) František Kořán & Jan Moštěk
"Jeep on the Cheap" (June 2018 Issue of Classic Military Vehicle Magazine) John Carroll
M38A1 1/4 Truck In Canadian Service, The (Service Publications) Andrew Iarocci
M38A1 In Detail (Wings & Wheels Publications) Lubos Doubek & Frantisek Koran
"M38 Jeep: King of the Jeeps?" (June 2006 Issue of Military Machines International Magazine) Craig Macho
U.S. Military Wheeled Vehicles Fred W. Crismon

Hobby Modeling

Kits and Accessories

Model Kit Manufacturer Scale Other Information
M38A1 Jeep Model Kit (35S17) AFV Club 1/35 Injection Molded Plastic; Originally released by Skybow.
IDF 1/4 Ton 4x4 Siyur + Tolar (M38A1/CJ-5 Jeep) Model Set (AF35S99) AFV Club 1/35 Injection molded plastic.  Includes two (2) complete kits, one replicating a scout/recon vehicle and the other carrying a recoilless rifle.
IDF 1/4 Ton M38A1/CJ-5 4x4 Anti-Tank Missile Vehicle (OREV) (AF35S97) AFV Club 1/35 Injection molded plastic. Mounts an Early TOW ATGM weapon.
M38A1 Jeep (Lebanese Civil War) Model Kit (MM-R025). Model Miniature 1/72 Resin.
M-38 Jeep (Ex-IDF) with 106mm M40 Recoilless Gun: decals included  (MM-R042)  Model Miniature 1/72 Resin.
M-38 Jeep (Israeli): decals included (MM-R043)  Model Miniature 1/72 Resin.
Aftermarket Item Manufacturer Scale Other Information
CJ-5 Jeep "Civilian" Conversion (C008) (For Skybow/AFV Club M38A1) Accurate Armour 1/35 Resin and Photo-Etched Brass.
Israeli CJ-5 Recce Vehicle Conversion (C009) (For Skybow/AFV Club M38A1) Accurate Armour 1/35 Resin and Photo-Etched Brass.
M38A1 Jeep Weighted Wheels (35777) FC Model Trend 1/35 3D Printed Resin; For the the AFV Club/Skybow Model Kits.
Workable leaf springs for M38A1 Jeep (VMD35010) Minor Model 1/35 Photo Etched Brass; For AFV Club/Skybow Model Kits
M38 Jeep Wheels (MM-R089). Model Miniature 1/72 Resin.
M38A1 Jeep Wheels with Snow Chains (TWS0083) The Tank Workshop 1/35 Resin
IDF 1/4 Ton 4X4 M38A1/CJ-6 Siyur Jeep Upgrade Set (PE351139) Voyager Model 1/35 Photo-Etched Brass; For the AFV Club Siyur Jeep Kit
IDF 1/4 ton 4X4 M38A1/CJ5 Orev Detail Set (PE351152) Voyager Model 1/35 Photo-Etched Brass; For the AFV Club OREV Jeep Kit

Model Photos

Reference Source/Provider